On Mo 7 March 2011 at 7.30 pm in room 4. We had a TALK BY DAPHNE MARTIN.
‘Cape Town to Glasgow by Land Rover with a baby’. Daphne’s pictures and descriptions of an eventful trip.
We really enjoyed the talk. It was very interesting.
Before the talk Daphne sent us this letter so that we could have some background information and enjoy the talk more:
I wonder if, before next March 7th, you could do some reading which will tell you about a great man, Dr Livingstone. You don't need to know very much. You will appreciate bits of my talk better if you know that:
He was a missionary doctor who gradually turned more into an explorer. He started his travels in South Africa and gradually explored northwards through countries which are nowadays called Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Congo. Later he started from Zanzibar, on the east coast of Africa, and explored Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi.
During the 19th century he became extremely famous in Europe and especially in England and Scotland. He mapped his travels and wrote books about the lands through which he travelled and the peoples he met. This opened up Africa.
Before Livingstone's travels no other non-Africans had travelled through Africa except for some Arab slavers, a couple of Portuguese explorers who had ventured from Mozambique into the interior of Africa; and two Portuguese priests who had gone to Ethiopia.
In Livingstone's days there was no radio, no telephone. There were no aeroplanes/vehicles/bicycles. In many parts of Africa tetse flies carried horse sickness so Livingstone travelled on foot. He was often unheard of for a year or more at a time.
He had two very faithful servants called Susi and Juma. For many years these men followed him and helped him to preach to and to medically treat the people whom they met.
One of his daughters married a Dr Moffat who was also a medical missionary. In the late 19th century Dr Moffat started a mission called Livingstonia in Malawi. We MET an old man who had been TAUGHT by Dr Moffat at the Livingstonia Mission!
You don't need to know more than that about Dr Livingstone and Dr Moffat.
It would also be handy, but not essential, if you had heard about Henry Morton Stanley who was a journalist for an American paper.
He was young strong brash extrovert. He did some exploration in the West of Africa - the west of the Congo.
In 1871 Livingstone had been "missing" for some years and was feared dead. Stanley was sent by his newspaper to "find" Dr Livingstone. Although he was given a lot of finances this was a dreadfully difficult task because no-one knew where Livingstone might be ...and also Livingstione was sometimes anti-social. It could be that if Livingstone heard that he was being sought for he would just take off into the bush and disappear again.
It was known that Livingstone had a sort of "base" at Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. In November 1871 Livingstone was very old and very ill and had had all his trade goods stolen and his house at Ujiji had been broken into and ruined. After 8 months of walking Stanley DID trace Livingstone. He found him at Ujiji. When he found Dr Livingstone he was so excited that he didn't know what to do. He wanted to run and jump with pleasure and to kiss Livingstone. But he felt he had to preserve the dignity of the white man, so he just went up to Livingstone, took off his cap , and said to the old explorer:
"Dr Livingstone, I presume" All this Stanley wrote very expressively in his journal.
The phrase "Dr Livingstone, I presume" has become EXTREMELY famous and is parodied constantly in British literature and radio etc.
I am sorry to bore you with the above matters but it might help you to enjoy my talk better if you know some of these facts.
It is FAR from necessary for you to be bothered with the following but if you have a map of Africa, it could perhaps also interest you to follow the route we took. That was:
From Blantyre in Malawi, up the west coast of Lake Malawi, then through Tanzania and up the east coast of Lake Tanganyika.
We proceeded through Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire (which is now called the Democratic Republic of Congo), Central African Republic, Cameroon.
We crossed the Sahara Desert via Nigeria, Niger, Algeria.
From Melilla (which is Spanish enclave on the northe coast of Africa) we took a ferry across from to Spain and then another ferry from Valencia to Mallorca, to visit my parents.
We reached Scotland and after staying with my husbnand's family we drove down to Southampton and took a boat to Cape Town in South Africa. Then we drove back north from Cape Town to Blantyre in Malawi. All this took us 4 months. The baby was 6 weeks and 12 hours old when we started and 5 months and 3 days old when we got home.
Don't worry if you can't remember all this. I will explain it when I see you.
I am looking forward to meeting you on March 7th.